This scary self-portrait of the inventor of aerial photography Félix Nadar was actually shot in front of a backcloth in his Paris studio in the 1860’s — You can see the trick in the picture below, with his wife Ernestine.
Still, the man is great. In addition to designing his own balloon, inspiring Jules Verne, and hosting the first exhibition of the Impressionists, Nadar pioneered artificially lit photography and pictured a number of contemporary celebrities (writers, actresses, painters) as well as a bunch of the earliest erotic nudes.
He also shot the series Autoportrait tournant, revolving self-portrait (ca. 1865), probably punning on his real surname Tournachon. His face as he spins is nonpareil.